Ellen McNiven Hine (auth.)'s A Critical Study of Condillac’s Traité des Systèmes PDF
By Ellen McNiven Hine (auth.)
The Traite des systemes is a milestone within the highbrow heritage of the eighteenth century. it is a learn of its content material, constitution, resources and value. It encompasses a dialogue of Condillac's research of excellent and undesirable structures, the adequacy of his wisdom and less than status of the speculative metaphysics of the previous century, the effectiveness of his approach to assault on seventeenth-century metaphysical structures, his perception of empirical and medical strategy, and particularly his realizing of the position of hypotheses, his program of the Newtonian clinical solution to politics, physics, and the humanities, and, eventually, his preoccupation with the which means of phrases and with the foundation and goal oflanguage. Speculative metaphysical structures, similar to these of Descartes, Malebranche, Boursier, Leibniz and Spinoza, are attacked by way of Con dillac, as are renowned superstitions and prejudices, with the weapon of linguistic feedback. it's the systematic use of this weapon which makes the Traite des systemes greater than a mirrored image of his contem poraries' antipathy in the direction of speculative metaphysics. In reminiscence of my mom and dad ACKNOWLEDGMENTS I desire to recognize my indebtedness to numerous humans. I should still like at first to thank Dr. W. H. Barber, who has for a few years tirelessly given me encouragement and useful information. I desire to thank additionally Professors RH. Rasmussen, A. D. Wilshere and C. Wake for his or her aid and their help within the early days of the education of this research. lowe exact thank you additionally to Mrs. M. V.
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Extra resources for A Critical Study of Condillac’s Traité des Systèmes
116 Ibid 117 Ibid 114 THE MEANING OF SYSTEM 43 jugeait de rien que par analyse; et lorsque ce flambeau lui manquait, il savait s'arreter. "118 Since this "physique admirable" is founded only on observable facts and on calculation and measurement, and since it rejects philosophical hypotheses, it is "la seule physique veritable. "119 Both Locke and Newton were said to have cured men of "la manie des systemes. "120 Both of them distrusted invented systems, logically coherent structures leading from proposition to proposition, affording a plausible explanation of phenomena, with no guarantee that the real world lay at the end of the logical progression, and both stressed the modest role of philosophy and the limitations of the human mind.
He proposes to examine not only the abuses but the advantages of systems. IS Just as Locke was misinterpreted and attacked by those who had not taken the trouble to read him carefully enough, Condillac complains that those who accuse him TSY, p. 12 7. Essai, p. 4. , p. , pp 25-27. , P 91. 15 Traite des systetlles, 014 /'011 ell de"lIele les illcollvelliens et les avalltages. III 11 THE MEANING OF SYSTEM of writing against systems have not read his treatise to the end. " If systems already exist and await "discovery," the important question to be resolved is "how".
He borrows his first example from Locke. 43 A man blind from birth thinks that he perceives in the sound of a trumpet the idea of scarlet. Since the sound of the trumpet conveys the idea of something vivid and strident, and since he has been told that scarlet is a vivid and strident colour, he concludes wrongly that the sound of the trumpet conveys the idea of scarlet. Condillac makes use of this example, as did Locke himself, to illustrate one of the abuses of words. , p. 129. r230. 39 Condillac accuses Bayle of this.
A Critical Study of Condillac’s Traité des Systèmes by Ellen McNiven Hine (auth.)