Read e-book online A Narco History: How the United States and Mexico Jointly PDF
By Mike Wallace, Carmen Boullosa
The time period “Mexican Drug War” misleads. It means that the continuing massacre, which has now killed good over 100,000 humans, is an inner Mexican affair.
But this diverts cognizance from the U.S. function in growing and maintaining the carnage. It’s not only that americans purchase medicinal drugs from, and promote guns to, Mexico’s murderous cartels. It’s that ever because the U.S. prohibited the use and sale of gear within the early 1900s, it has burdened Mexico into appearing as its border enforcer—with more and more lethal outcomes.
Mexico was once now not a helpless sufferer. robust forces in the state profited highly from providing american citizens with what their govt forbade them. however the regulations that spawned the drug struggle have proved disastrous for either countries.
Written by means of award-winning authors, one American and the opposite Mexican, A Narco historical past studies the interlocking twentieth-century histories that produced this twenty-first century calamity, and proposes how you can finish it.
Read Online or Download A Narco History: How the United States and Mexico Jointly Created the "Mexican Drug War" PDF
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Additional info for A Narco History: How the United States and Mexico Jointly Created the "Mexican Drug War"
Implementation was forestalled by renewed revolutionary chaos, as Generals Álvaro Obregón and Plutarco Elías Calles, among others, took up arms against the Carranza regime. In May 1920, with rebel forces closing in, Carranza left the capital for Veracruz but never made it, having been murdered (or committed suicide) on the way. Obregón was now elected to succeed him, and Mexico entered a period of (again relative) tranquility. In 1923 Obregón peacefully passed the presidential torch to his comrade-in-arms Calles, who during his term in office (1924–1928) resuscitated the delayed assault on illicit substances.
Over these decades Chinese immigrants and their descendants fashioned a rough-hewn drug trafficking network. S. (chiefly Los Angeles) via a series of outposts in towns between Sinaloa and the cities on Mexico’s northwest border, notably Tijuana. More and more Mexican peasants, middle-class townsfolk, and some wealthy merchants jumped into the business. It was easy to enter— there were no significant start-up costs. Nor was there significant danger: there was room for everybody, hence no need to employ violence to stake out market share.
Balked, Nixon launched Operation Intercept in September 1969, overseen by Attorney General John Mitchell and largely devised by G. Gordon Liddy (both of later Watergate fame), with the (unannounced) goal of bullying Mexico into acquiescence. Two thousand inspectors began meticulously scrutinizing each car that tried to cross the frontier, searching (sometimes strip searching) each person, each vehicle, each piece of luggage (including purses and lunch boxes), backing up traffic for miles, in effect shutting down the border.
A Narco History: How the United States and Mexico Jointly Created the "Mexican Drug War" by Mike Wallace, Carmen Boullosa