New PDF release: Age, Class, Politics, and the Welfare State (American
By Fred C. Pampel, John B. Williamson
This research of the expansion of welfare spending examines the relative impression of sophistication and standing teams as opposed to demographic composition and political buildings. detailed cognizance is given to the function of the elderly as consultant of the significance of ascription and middle-class teams in welfare progress, and to the impact of welfare spending on source of revenue inequality. mixture cross-national facts from the UN, ILO, and the area financial institution are analyzed and the realization is drawn that an enormous elderly inhabitants, in particular together with democratic political procedures, is an instantaneous and the most important impression at the point of welfare spending.
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Extra resources for Age, Class, Politics, and the Welfare State (American Sociological Association Rose Monographs)
Notes 1. For a review of the debate over what should be done with the surplus being accumulated by the social security fund in the United States, see Gist (1988). 2. This raises the question of whether or not the aged would be poor were it not for government transfers. By bringing the aged out of poverty, transfers within classes might still be claimed to redistribute income to the poor. Some have argued this point by showing that the pretransfer income of the aged places dramatically more persons in poverty than the posttransfer income (Danziger and Gottschalk, 1986).
The arguments of the latter two scholars, and those of public choice theorists (Mueller, 1979) and rentseeking theorists (Buchanan and Tullock, 1980), lie closer to the arguments we present than does functionalist pluralism. 5. Janowitz (1976) makes a further distinction between the welfare state and welfare spending. In addition to high spending levels, the social welfare state is based on parliamentary democracy and legitimate acceptance of the role of government to intervene on behalf of individual rights.
Reliable, complete data for these nations are available only from 1965 to 1975, and measures of class strength and political parties are rare. Unlike advanced industrial democracies, however, these nations vary greatly in level of democracy and position in the world system. We can examine how a democratic political environment facilitates the influence of other variables on spending and how economic and trade dependency directly affect spending. Welfare spending in developing nations, however low, offers opportunities for study unavailable with advanced industrial democracies.
Age, Class, Politics, and the Welfare State (American Sociological Association Rose Monographs) by Fred C. Pampel, John B. Williamson