Download PDF by John D. Brewer: Anti-Catholicism in Northern Ireland, 1600–1998: The Mote
By John D. Brewer
Anti-Catholicism kinds a part of the dynamics to Northern Ireland's clash and is necessary to the self-defining id of sure Protestants. even if, anti-Catholicism is as a lot a sociology strategy as a theological dispute. It used to be given a Scriptural underpinning within the heritage of Protestant-Catholic family members in eire, and wider British-Irish kinfolk, to be able to toughen social divisions among the non secular groups and to supply a deterministic trust method to justify them. The booklet examines the socio-economic and political techniques that experience ended in theology getting used in social closure and stratification among the 17th century and the current day.
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Additional info for Anti-Catholicism in Northern Ireland, 1600–1998: The Mote and the Beam
People who sheltered priests were imprisoned and mass took place, if at all, illegally in remote places - 'in the mountains, forests and inaccessible bogs, where the trooper cannot reach us', as someone said at the time (quoted in Rafferty, 1994: 43). By the time of the Restoration of the monarchy in 1660, there were three Catholic bishops left in Ireland, all based in the old Gaelic core of Ulster. Cromwell's Commonwealth not only strengthened the association of theology with politics, it reinforced its connection with economic privilege.
The Westminster Confession gave full expression to this anti-Catholicism. The Pope was 'that anti-Christ, that man of sin and son of perdition, who glorifies himself as opposed to Christ'. Criticism ofthe Pope's absolutism was incorporated into an attack on Anglicanism, which was supposedly Romanism in disguise, and on the English Crown, which had supposedly moved its theological loyalty to Rome and advocated political absolutism in the form of 'the divine right of kings', for which Charles eventually went to the axe.
Plantation to the United Irishmen: 1600-/799 31 However, Charles II did restore legal public worship, if not land, to Catholics, illustrating to the bishops that accommodation worked. Churches were built and members of religious orders returned, all to the chagrin of Irish Protestants, who conspired to allege that Irish Catholics were involved in a plot to encourage France to invade. This eventually led to the Catholic Archbishop and Primate of Ireland, Oliver Plunkett, being hung, drawn and quartered at Tyburn, even though he was the chief supporter of accommodation with England and chief critic of disorder.
Anti-Catholicism in Northern Ireland, 1600–1998: The Mote and the Beam by John D. Brewer