Download PDF by Aslaug Mikkelsen, Oluf Langhelle: Arctic Oil and Gas: Sustainability at Risk?
By Aslaug Mikkelsen, Oluf Langhelle
This publication analyzes the increasing oil and gasoline actions within the Arctic from the point of view of Sustainable improvement (SD) and company Social accountability (CSR). the point of interest is at the territories of the Arctic rim the place the present and destiny oil and fuel actions within the Arctic are and may be positioned. The booklet increases a couple of questions together with how sustainable improvement has been framed within the Arctic and the interplay among indigenous peoples, governments and oil and fuel businesses.
The booklet is split into 3 elements. within the first a part of the ebook, oil and fuel are approached during the ideas of sustainable improvement (SD) and company Social accountability (CSR) including the problem of weather switch. the second one half involves case reports from Alaska, Canada, Norway and Russia the place the discourses on oil and fuel within the Arctic are explored and the ultimate a part of the ebook attracts jointly the cloth from the rustic reports in a comparative demeanour.
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Additional resources for Arctic Oil and Gas: Sustainability at Risk?
Among the purposes of the conference was: To recommend measures to be taken at the national and international levels to protect and enhance the environment, taking into account the specific needs of developing countries, through the development and implementation of policies for sustainable and environmentally sound development with special emphasis on incorporating environmental concerns in the economic and social development process and of various sectoral policies and through, inter alia, preventive action at the sources of environmental degradation, clearly identifying the sources of such degradation and appropriate remedial measures, in all countries.
This definition, according to the report, contains within it two key concepts: – – the concept of ‘needs’, in particular the essential needs of the world’s poor to which over-riding priority should be given; and the idea of limitations imposed by the state of technology and social organization on the environment’s ability to meet present and future needs. (WCED, 1987: 43) Seen in the light of common usages of the word ‘sustainable’, this reframing has further important implications, also for how oil and gas activities can be 20 Oluf Langhelle, Bjørn-Tore Blindheim and Olaug Øygarden viewed from a sustainable development perspective in the Arctic.
Indigenous people had ‘become victims of what could be described as cultural extinction’ (WCED, 1987: 114), and also the victims of social discrimination, cultural barriers, exclusion from national political processes and exclusion from the processes of economic development. A more ‘careful and sensitive consideration of their interests’, therefore, was described as ‘a touchstone of a sustainable development policy’ as opposed to ‘insensitive development’. In addition to the recognition of traditional rights and empowering of indigenous people, Our Common Future argued that this should be accompanied ‘by positive measures to enhance the well-being of the community in ways appropriate to the group’s lifestyle’ (WCED, 1987: 116).
Arctic Oil and Gas: Sustainability at Risk? by Aslaug Mikkelsen, Oluf Langhelle